An assessment of the impact of climate on wheat yield in Indo-Gangetic plain region of India: A panel data analysis


  • ANUJ KUMAR Department of Commerce, Institute of Oriental Philosophy, Vrindavan, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • SWAMI PRASAD SAXENA Department of Applied Business Economics, Faculty of Commerce, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Dayalbagh, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India



Wheat yield, IGP region, Panel data analysis, Climatic variables, Non-climatic variables, Mechanization


This paper is an attempt to assess the impact of climate on wheat yield in the Indo-Gangetic Plain (IGP) region of India by using panel data analysis. Five IGP states namely Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal have been considered to frame a panel. The study used the data of climatic and non-climatic variables from 1990 to 2022 to achieve the objective of the study. The Im-Pesaran-Shin unit-root test was applied to check the stationarity of data. The results of the panel least square dummy variable model indicated that all the climatic variables had non significant influence. Among non-climatic variables that help increase wheat yield, fertilizer consumption and mechanization in agriculture were found to have a significant positive impact on wheat yield in the IGP region of India.


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How to Cite

ANUJ KUMAR, & SWAMI PRASAD SAXENA. (2024). An assessment of the impact of climate on wheat yield in Indo-Gangetic plain region of India: A panel data analysis. Journal of Agrometeorology, 26(2), 186–189.



Research Paper