Assessment of heat and cold wave incidences and their link with land surface temperature in Bathinda district of Punjab, India


  • ANJUSHA SANJAY GAWAI Department of Climate Change & Agricultural Meteorology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab
  • RAJ KUMAR PAL Department of Climate Change and Agricultural Meteorology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab
  • SOMPAL SINGH Department of Climate Change & Agricultural Meteorology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab



Heat wave, Cold wave, Frequency analysis, Land Surface Temperature, Severe heat wave, Severe cold wave


This study investigates the incidence of heat wave and cold wave condition during 2000 – 2022 in the Bathinda district of South-Western region of Punjab. Notable spikes in heat wave (HW) activity were observed in 2002 and 2022 with 29 and 27 days respectively. Similarly, for severe heat waves (SHW), 2010 and 2022 witnessed the highest frequencies recording 16 and 18 days respectively. Conversely, cold wave (CW) events peaked in 2005 and 2008 with 10 and 11 days respectively. Notably, 2008 also observed the highest frequency of severe cold wave (SCW) days with 15 days. However, results revealed decline in cold wave days towards the latter years, while severe cold wave days also exhibited decreasing frequencies like 2015 and 2016 recorded zero CW and SCW days. One key finding highlights a substantial correlation between land surface temperature (LST) and maximum air temperature during heat wave periods (R2 = 0.83), indicating LST's efficacy as an indicator for monitoring temperature trends during heat wave events.


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How to Cite

GAWAI, A. S., PAL, R. K., & SOMPAL SINGH. (2024). Assessment of heat and cold wave incidences and their link with land surface temperature in Bathinda district of Punjab, India. Journal of Agrometeorology, 26(2), 204–208.



Research Paper