Weather induced physiological responses on the flowering habits of neem trees (Azadirachta indica)




Weather, Neem, Physiological response, Flowering habits, Relative water content, IAA oxidase


Adaptability and significant economic value of the neem tree are well-known, as it can flourish in a variety of environmental conditions. While the neem seed production is highly sensitive to prevailing weather conditions during the reproductive phase and flowering behaviour of the tree. A study was conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore in 2023 with the primary objective of validating the weather influence on neem seed production using the logics of physiological responses, as a continuation of research conducted the previous year (2022). During the pre-flowering and flowering stages, diverse weather conditions led to notable changes in the physiological traits of neem trees, which displayed varying patterns of flowering. Trees that flowered consistently showed elevated levels of indole acetic acid (IAA) oxidase, relative water content, and nitrate reductase compared to those that lacked flowers or produced intermittently. In the flowering stage, the neem trees responded positively in terms of physiological aspects like IAA oxidase, relative water content, nitrate reductase, and exhibited lower proline levels, which can be attributed to the optimal maximum temperature, rainfall, and soil moisture. Proline levels rose during the pre-flowering stage due to soil moisture deficits but fell during the flowering stage with the onset of rain. These physiological changes, driven by climatic factors, are likely to enhance the flowering, fruiting, and overall yield of neem trees.


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How to Cite

BALASREE, R., DHEEBAKARAN, G., SENTHIL, A., SATHYAMOORTHY, N., GANAPATI, P. S., & PUGAZENTHI, K. (2024). Weather induced physiological responses on the flowering habits of neem trees (Azadirachta indica). Journal of Agrometeorology, 26(2), 174–180.



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