Yucca schidigera extract depressed ammonia emission in manure incubation and green-house gases release in artificial rumen of cows
Keywords:Ammonia, Green-house gas, Manure, Rumen, Cows
The influences of ammonia (NH3) and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from livestock on environment recently become a major concern of the worldwide. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of Yucca schidigera extract (YSE) on ammonia emission in manure and the release of green-house gases including methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in artificial rumen of cows. Addition of YSE significantly decreased ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) concentration (P < 0.01) and increased the percentage of total nitrogen (N) (P < 0.005) in manure incubation. The populations of total aerobic bacteria were significantly decreased by the addition of YSE with 1% and 2% (P < 0.05), while the populations of Lactobacilli were significantly increased in dose-dependent manner (P <0.001) in manure. In 1-12 h and 13-24h of ruminal fermentation in vitro, the yields of CH4, CO2 and N2O were dose-dependently reduced by the addition of YSE (P < 0.05). Results showed that YSE inhibit ammonia emission in manure and the release of green-house gases in artificial rumen of cows.
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Copyright (c) 2022 HAN ZHI-PENG, JIN XIAO, XU YUAN-QING, SORGOG MA, SHI BIN-LIN
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